Seasonality in marketing refers to the changes in consumer behavior, product demand, and other market factors due to recurring patterns throughout the year. These patterns are often driven by weather changes, holidays, or cultural events. For example, a winter coat manufacturer will have peak demand during the colder months of the year, while sunscreen manufacturers will see their highest sales during summer. These patterns can greatly affect the measurements of our marketing campaigns, as the data collected during peak seasons may differ significantly from those collected during off-seasons.
As marketers, it’s essential to understand and account for seasonality when measuring the effectiveness of our campaigns. Otherwise, we may attribute changes in data to campaign performance when they are the result of seasonal changes. For instance, a drop in sales may not necessarily indicate that the marketing campaign was unsuccessful but may be due to a decline in consumer demand due to seasonal shifts. That is why identifying and tracking seasonality is critical.
One of the best ways to track seasonality in marketing campaigns is by comparing current data to historical data from past years. This provides insight into patterns, trends, and deviations from the norm. Additionally, Google Trends and Google Analytics offer great tools to monitor and track changes in consumer behavior, search queries, and geographical trends, which are essential for adjusting your campaigns as per demand and seasonality.
When interpreting data, it’s also crucial to consider seasonality and adjust the analysis accordingly. For instance, it’s more important to consider trends over time and not just short-term fluctuations in data. Statistical techniques like seasonal index and decomposition can be used to separate the seasonal effects from the underlying non-seasonal trends, facilitating an accurate interpretation of the data.
Finally, use the insights gained from analyzing seasonal data to make informed decisions on your future campaigns and strategies. If our winter coat sales go up during November and December, we may want to boost our advertising spend and limit spend during off-peak seasons like March and April. The key is being proactive and adjusting campaigns based on the seasonal trends and insights we glean from our data analysis.
- Month over Month (MoM)
- Year over Year (YoY)
- Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)